In March of 2014, Davis MacIntyre & Associates Ltd. assessed six parcels of land to be transferred from Crown to private ownership in King’s County. A First Nations archaeological site is known abutting or overlapping with the study area (the Toby Site). Archaeological testing within the study area indicated that a small vestige of the site exists within the property boundaries. However, the main body of the site with a more significant artifact density was exposed by ploughing in a field immediately south of the study area.


A surface scatter of over 2,300 lithic artifacts was present during the reconnaissance, and so a collection grid was established and visible material was gathered for both spatial and laboratory analysis. This analysis revealed that the shape and distribution of the scatter had been heavily influenced by crowning of the field in previous decades (sculpting with a bulldozer to allow the fields to drain evenly into side ditches). The artifacts were analyzed and deposited with the Nova Scotia Museum, as per provincial standards and guidelines. Although the artifacts were found on private land, by law archaeological sites belong to all of us, and as such the site was carefully recorded and the report and artifacts turned over to the museum so that others can learn about this site.