In 2010, Davis MacIntyre & Associates conducted an archaeological resource assessment of the installation of a drainage system at the Haliburton House Museum, Windsor, Hants County. 

Mitigation Stage


The monitoring of the drainage system installation ensured that impact to archaeological resources was minimized and that the features discovered were recorded and artifacts from them collected. During monitoring of construction activities, several previously unknown features were identified and recorded and 100 artifacts were recovered and preserved. The largest feature was a stone-lined privy foundation which appeared to post-date 1860 and which yielded artifacts from the 20th century. Based on the stratigraphy, soil composition and artifacts, the feature was interpreted as being a privy foundation cleaned out in the 20th century and backfilled with furnace and kitchen waste. The privy was probably used by servants rather than by the household owners since a toilet was constructed inside the house in the early 1840s. Two wooden box drains were discovered in close proximity to the privy foundation. Other features identified include evidence of a burned outbuilding, several midden features and two unidentified deposits of field stones.

Drawing of Haliburton House from 1842

Trench for the drainage system being dug to the west of the house.


A profile photo of the privy feature with coloured overlay used to define the strata

Monitoring of the drainage system trench excavation in December 2010

Stephen Davis stands behind the waterlogged wooden box drain located in the floor of the drainage system trench. Part of the privy foundation wall can be seen on the left of the photo.

A nearly complete plate with a makers mark recovered from the site

Monitoring of the drainage system trench excavation in December 2010

The privy feature after it was cleaned by trowel.


Ceramics recovered during the monitoring of the drainage system installation