An archaeological resource impact assessment for a residential development in Chester, Lunenburg County was conducted in 2006. 

Investigative Stage

Background Research:

This area was likely first settled by the ancestors of the Mi'kmaq and in the mid-eighteenth century, the lands were granted to a group of Boston immigrants. In 1844, the land directly under consideration was granted to the Frail family, although it is possible that the family was living on the property for several decades before the official grant was made, as George Frail was listed on the return of settlers for Chester Township in 1783, though no specific location was given.

Field Reconnaissance:

The field reconnaissance resulted in the discovery and recording of several residential features including the dry stone foundation of the Frail House, a wooden and stone boat slip at the water's edge, along with a possible stone platform for a boat or fishing shed, a stone-bounded paddock, a possible well, barn, and an unidentified rectangular stone feature which was possibly a root cellar. It was obvious that the granite from which these structures were built was quarried directly from the property. 

Some of the features, including the boat slip, house foundation, and root cellar were preserved and incorporated into the landscape as heritage features of interest.

Dry stone foundation of the Frail House.

Boat slip with a stone platform, possibly for a shed.


Dry stone feature, possibly a root cellar.

Bone button found during testing near Frail House

Boat slip

Low water showing boat slip, shed platform, and paddock

Systematic testing near the Frail House

Boat slip at low water

Stone paddock wall


Hand wrought nails recovered during testing near Frail House