In 2011, Davis MacIntyre & Associates conducted a heritage resource impact assessment for the Route 2 highway twinning project in New Brunswick. 

A preliminary archaeological investigation of the study area had been previously conducted and DM&A was contracted to investigate high potential areas outlined in the previous assessment, in particular an area with geological formations known as glacial kames, where First Nations encampments are sometimes found.

Investigative Stage

Field Reconnaissance:

Field reconnaissance was conducted in conjunction with a surficial geologist given the geological component of the assessment. The reconnaissance demonstrated that extensive disturbance from agriculture, quarrying and road construction was present in the study area. A mounded stone feature was, however, observed by archaeologists. It was composed of many small cobbles with moss and vegetation grown on top. Stone mounds are often the result of agricultural field clearing but can occasionally  relate to burial or other activities.

Archaeological Testing:

Shovel testing was conducted along the kame feature and revealed no cultural activity. The mounded stone feature was also tested archaeologically. The feature was cleared and cleaned of moss and vegetation. It was noted that organic material had not worked down into the void between the stones, suggesting the stones had not been covered with soil or vegetation for a long period of time. The feature was interpreted as dating to the 20th century and possibly related to land clearing for agriculture or silviculture activity.

View of Route 2 and of the kame depleted depression

The cleaned stone mound feature

Archaeologists cleaning the stone mound feature

Close up of cleaned stones showing no organic material in the void between stones

Archaeologists cleaning the stone mound feature